Conducted between July 22 and Aug. 3 and released on Aug. 21, the July Farm Survey of crop production covered about 13,000 Canadian farms, asking them to report their estimated area, yield and production of grains, oilseeds and special crops.
The survey collected data from five provinces, including Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec. Among the survey’s findings were, for the first time since 2007, national soybean production is expected to decrease in 2015. Anticipated production was reported at 5.9 million tonnes, down 3.2 percent from 2014. Soybean production had posted consecutive record highs since 2009.
Here in Ontario, soybean production is anticipated to decrease 10 percent to 3.4 million tonnes in 2015, down from the 2014 record high of 3.8 million tonnes. Both harvested area and average yield are expected to decline by about five percent to 2.9 million acres and 42.9 bushels per acre, respectively. Conversely, in Manitoba, soybean production in 2015 is anticipated to reach a record high of 1.2 million tonnes, up 12.3 percent from 2014. Contributing to the gain are a combination of increases in harvested area (up about five percent to 1.3 million acres) and yield (up seven percent to 34.6 bushels per acre).
At the national level, corn for grain production is expected to increase 7.2% to 12.3 million tonnes in 2015 (up 7.2 percent over 2014, but below the 2013 record of 14.2 million tonnes). This is 13.3% below the record of 14.2 million tonnes set in 2013.
Ontario farmers will account for about 8.2 million tonnes of the 2015 production totals.
Wheat and canola production for 2015 are both expected to continue to fall relative to 2013 record levels, while barley and oats production reports show an expected increase over 2014.
At the national level, total wheat production is expected to reach 24.6 million tonnes in 2015, down almost 16 percent from 2014 and well below the 37.5 million tonne harvest of 2013. This anticipated decrease in wheat production is the result of a lower average yield of 38.1 bushels per acre in 2015, down over 17 percent from 46 bushels per acre in 2014.
Final production estimates for 2015 will be released on Dec. 4. Find more information at StatsCan.gc.ca.